Online Learning Resources for Phonics for Reception, Year 1 and Year 2

The following pack of materials is to help you support your child at home with their phonics. Please check the Ruth Miskin website for other parent support materials and videos, including how to pronounce the sounds correctly.

The children follow this progression in learning phonics.


Alongside this they also learn to read ‘red words’, which are difficult to blend but are key words they need to read and access text e.g. said, your, was

The green words file is in order, children work through set 1 words, before moving onto set 2, and then onto set 3 words.

The word cards have dots and lines under the different sounds- this is to help the children identify the sounds and blend them.

A line is placed under a sound that is made up of two or more letters, we call these ‘special friends’ the technical words are digraph’s and trigraphs.  

A dot is placed under a sound that is made by only one letter.

We use a curve to show split digraphs, we call these ‘chatty friends’ the children learn that there are some special friends which are too chatty and so they are not allowed to sit next to each other in a word e.g. a_e as in make.

How to read and practise the words

Green Words- Use ‘Fred Talk’- point with your finger under each sound as you make the sound, then run your finger under the whole word to blend those sounds together to say the word. As your child becomes more confident, encourage them to ‘Fred in the head’ (instantly sound blend so they are saying the sounds in their head quickly) then saying the word out loud.

Red Words- These need to learnt by sight and not blended.



Speed Sounds Lesson Times - April 2020

EYFS KS1 Phonics Lesson Update Letter - 29 April 

Suggested daily practise session

Speed Sounds Set 1

Speed Sounds Set 1a

Speed Sounds Set 2 and practise sounds

Speed Sounds Set 2a and practise sounds

Speed Sounds Set 3 and practise words

Speed Sounds 1,2 and 3 Green words to practise reading

Speed Sounds 1,2 and 3 a Green words to practise reading

Red words to learn by sight

Parent Help Guide

Parent Help Guide Reception

Parent Help Guide Year 1

Year 1 phonics screening tests 

Year 1 phonics screening tests 2

Additional resources

Additional resources 2

Online games and activities




Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully.

They are taught to:

  • recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make- such as ‘sh’ or ‘ay’; and
  • blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

At Horsenden we follow the Read Write Inc programme (RWI), developed by Ruth Miskin for all children in Nursery, Reception, Year 1 and Year 2. Children from Nursery up to Year 2 take part in daily phonics sessions.  Any pupils in KS2 who need to catch up rapidly will participate in RWI Fresh Start.


Year 1 Phonics Screening

At the end of Year 1, children will undertake a statutory phonics screening check. This is a short assessment to make sure that children have learnt phonics to an appropriate standard.

There are 40 words in the screening check which children are asked to read on a one-to-one basis with their teacher. The check is made up of 'real words' (eg. 'mud') and 'non-words' (eg. 'splog') and children need to apply their phonic knowledge to read all words.

Preparation for the check takes place during the daily phonics session, but you can help your child at home by practising phonics on a regular basis.

For more information about Read Write Inc. and how you can help at home click here.

Please see document below for a full list of Speed Sounds sets 1-4 and their mnemonics.